Roval Rapide & Alpinist CLX II wheels finally go tubeless with ability to take big hits

Two years ago, Roval unveiled the new Rapide and Alpinist CLX wheels. With the Rapide CLX meant for cheating the wind, and the Alpinist CLX for cutting grams, both were notable for their design – and lack of tubeless compatibility. At the time, Roval simply said the wheels were designed with a goal of overall weight reduction, but like most things, there was more to the story…

Now, Roval is reintroducing both of those wheels as the CLX II models with a massive change–tubeless compatibility. But why tubeless, and why now? As Roval tells it, it all started when “Peter broke a wheel…”

Working backward from a broken wheel

Specialize wheel testing

 

Obviously, with Peter Sagan as a product tester, wheels are going to be put to the ultimate test. And while testing that first CLX wheel generation, Peter jumped a roundabout and hit a curb, which ended up breaking the wheel. The issue wasn’t that the wheel broke, but that the tire didn’t stay on the rim. Clearly, if you keep the tire on the rim, you have a better chance of bringing the bike to a controlled stop and avoiding a crash.

When it comes to how wheels fail, tubeless rims have a different failure mode than tubed. If you crack a tubeless rim, there is the potential for all that air that’s inside the tire cavity to work its way into the rim cavity on an aero profile. If that happens, that sudden pressure change can further damage the rim and cause the tire to come off. If a tube-type rim cracks, the tube partially keeps that air in place and as Roval puts it, “the tube throttles the event over a slightly longer time frame by distributing pressure over cracks and delaying pressure release.”

What Roval found was while the first CLX wheels all met the industry impact standards, that impact standard wasn’t stringent enough for real-world abuse. So they built their own. And while Roval was going back to the drawing board to create more durable tubeless rims, their teams were busy winning on the first generation of CLX wheels – but with tubes instead of tubeless.

Starting with the UCI’s 40 Joule wheel-only test that Roval’s engineers knew wasn’t enough, they set out to figure out what kind of energy a rider would expect to see in an impact and increase the wheel’s strength from there. They felt that if a rider can hold onto the bars in an impact, the wheels should be able to handle it too.

That meant starting by taking the testing outside to replicate an impact to a wheel as it would actually happen – with a rider on top of the bike. Roval then measure the bump instead of the rider so that they could then create a test lab fixture to replicate that. It’s also noted that while the UCI 40 Joule test is wheel only, these tests are completed as a complete system including the tire.

Improved Testing

tubeless wheel and tire impact striker

While the UCI tests end at 40 Joules, that is where Roval’s testing started. Using both sharp and blunt strikers, the testing ranges up to 70 Joules, at which point the rim may crack, but the tire will stay in place and the rim will hold its structure so you can safely stop. More impressive is the ability for the wheels to survive a 60 Joule impact without damage.

  • 40 Joules/Sharp Edge Striker: While the potential for damage exists, you can finish your ride or race without issue.
  • 50 Joules/Sharp Edge Striker: The wheel may be damaged, but the tire will remain on the rim and the system intact, so you can roll to a stop safely.
  • 55 Joules/Blunt Striker: No damage
  • 60 Joules/Blunt Striker: While the potential for damage exists, you can finish your ride or race without issue.
  • 70 Joules/Blunt Striker: The wheel may be damaged, but the tire will remain on the rim and the system intact, so you can roll to a stop safely if you can hang onto the bars.

It’s worth pointing out that Roval (and the winning athletes) were quite happy with the initial shape of the Rapide and Alpinist rims. So all of these improvements in durability had to be made in the layup and material choices of the carbon itself. According to Roval, “More than 1000 wheels were made and tested during this process, encompassing 150 different layup iterations across Alpinist and Rapide.”

Hooked Rims

Specialized Tubeless tire rim profile CT scan

This more durable rim design also keeps the hooked rim profile which allows riders to ride up to 110psi if you’d like. More likely though, you’ll be riding lower pressures and benefitting from the improved rolling resistance, flat resistance, and handling that tubeless systems provide. Roval also mentions that they have added 1.4mm of ‘bead slack’ to make it easier to mount and remove tires, especially out on the road.

“We can say the average rolling resistance reduction is 8%. In terms of a performance road racing tire at 40 kp/h, it is a 1.7 watt saving per tire, 3.5 watts per bike.” – Oliver Kiesel, Specialized Tire Product Manager

Long story short? The new Roval Rapide CLX II and Alpinist CLX II wheels should be able to withstand nearly any impact you may run into out on the road. If you do happen to hit something hard enough to crack a rim and you manage to hold onto the bars, the tire should stay in place and you should be able to safely come to a stop.

Rapide CLX II

Roval Rapide CLX II wheels

Meant to be as fast as possible with a lower profile rim, and more stable in crosswinds, the Rapide CLX II hasn’t changed in design other than the rim layup and construction.

Roval Rapide CLX rim profile

That means you’ll still find the massively wide 35mm front rim with a deeper, narrower rear rim. While both rims have the same 21mm internal width, the 35mm/51mm front paired with the 30mm/60mm rear is said to offer the best combination of crosswind stability and drag reduction. We’ll have a full review coming soon, but it seems that they’re onto something here…

Details

  • Rim Dimensions: 51mm deep/35mm Wide F: 60mm deep/30mm Wide R: 21mm Int F/R
  • Weight: 1505g, 1520g w/ tape and valves
  • Aero Flange Hubs with EXP Internals and Sinc Ceramic Bearings
  • DT Swiss Aerolite Spokes 18F/24R
  • Tubeless Ready
  • 110PSI Max Tubeless with 26mm Tires
  • 275lb/125kg Weight Limit
  • Handbuilt
  • MSRP: $2800

rovalcomponents.com

Alpinist CLX II

Roval Alpinist CLX II

At 33mm deep and 21mm internally wide, the Alpinist is still geared towards climbing with the lower weight of the two wheel sets. Coming in at 1265g with tape and valves, the Alpinist CLX II is featherweight for a rim that claims to have such massive impact resistance.

Roval LFD Hubs Alpinist wheels

Along with tubeless compatibility, the Alpinist wheels get all-new LFD hubs which are 50 grams lighter than the previous Alpinist CLX hub with new low-profile hub bodies and machined rotor mounts. Inside, DT Swiss EXP internals and SINC ceramic bearings should keep things rolling smoothly and quickly.

  • Rim Dimensions: 33mm deep/21mm Internal
  • Weight: 1250g, 1265g w/ tape and valves
  • LFD Hubs with EXP Internals and Sinc Ceramic Bearings
  • DT Swiss Aerolite Spokes 21F/24R
  • Tubeless Ready
  • 110PSI Max Tubeless with 26mm Tires
  • 275lb/125kg Weight Limit
  • Handbuilt
  • MSRP: $2650

rovalcomponents.com

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Larry Falk
Larry Falk
4 months ago

I wonder what “bead slack” means?

Dinger
Dinger
4 months ago
Reply to  Larry Falk

It means they’ve set the diameter of the bead seats to the looser end of the standards to make mounting/seating easier while still hitting the desired bead engagement. I expect this will mean some tires outside of their portfolio will be less consistent.

Ryan
Ryan
4 months ago

spesh is really working hard to explain why their last generation of wheels had tubes because the couldnt pass testing and their hand was forced… yes spesh, we know tubeless is better. welcome to functional wheels.

Dinger
Dinger
4 months ago
Reply to  Ryan

To be fair, the failure mode and test was newly discovered. I don’t think anyone else is testing for this, are they?

Also, tubeless isn’t universally faster. Only a few particular tires that are as light and thin as possible really are. I suppose that’s always been true of the fastest tires but looking at some of the available testing results, you can see that there is significant overlap between general use clincher/tube setups and the fastest tubeless stuff. In my experience, tubeless has not been a universally superior user experience. Sealant rarely stops even minor punctures from becoming flats at road pressures (over 60psi) and fixing/changing them on the road is messy and tedious.

I agree the marketing gymnastics is frustrating in hindsight.

joe
joe
4 months ago

So S sold wheelsets labeled tubeless-ready that were not tubeless ready for 2 years?

Eggs Benedict
Eggs Benedict
4 months ago
Reply to  Zach Overholt

Can these wheels also use non-tubeless clinchers and tubes?

TypeVertigo
4 months ago
Reply to  Eggs Benedict

My informed guess, based from all the reports so far, is they should be able to accept tube-type clinchers. They’re mostly identical to the outgoing wheels, just different in layup so that they have a more acceptable/”safer” failure mode especially when run tubeless.

Also, the rims still have bead hooks. Nowadays, that’s kind of unusual for carbon rims meant to be run tubeless – the only other example that comes to mind in recent memory is Campagnolo’s newly announced Levante wheelset.

Pm732
Pm732
4 months ago

2:1 lacing rear on disc is sorta meh.. Esp with aerolites. Creak city. Lots of wind-up.

Peter
Peter
4 months ago
Reply to  Pm732

Agreed on low spoke count with Aerolite. Just want to correct you on the wind-up part, Specialized uses T-head spokes from Dt Swiss so unless you permanently twist the spoke, wind-up is a non issue with this spoke configuration.