By Tim Cusick, PCG President and Elite Coach

Peaks Coaching Group Racing Mistakes Avoid
One of my favorite (and most frustrating) things about racing is how hard it is to win. There are very few sports that rank with cycling in terms of all the things that must align to capture that elusive victory. As a professional coach, I have the luxury of replaying hundreds of races through my clients’ eyes and have learned that there are a few common mistakes repeated time and time again as riders learn to race. Click through for my solutions to three of these mistakes…


You know this move. It’s the moment when you rip open the zippered lycra of your cycling jersey to reveal the large capital yellow S on your chest and unfurl your streaming red cape, attacking and dropping your competition from 50k out, then effortlessly holding them off to the finish. What a rush! Unfortunately this move often looks different in real life, more like throwing down a 1,000-watt attack, opening a gap, holding it for 3-5 minutes, then getting caught by the pack and hanging on or even getting spit out the back. The hero move is many times a ticket to disaster, often ensuring a pack finish at best.

Some Suggestions

Bike racing is all about understanding the odds. With all the things that have to go right, you’ve got to learn patience and begin to think about the odds. I teach my clients the “Rule of 3” as they learn to race;

Step 1: Narrow the odds.
Step 2: Narrow the odds.
Step 3: Win the race.

This means learning to think through the race to go for the win. Your first two moves (I target two simply as an example; it might be one, it might be five, but focus on the idea) are ways to improve your odds of winning. How can you whittle down the pack? Get rid of the riders on the edge. Shell your key competitor. This is accomplished by smaller moves, often in conjunction with other riders. How can your moves narrow the odds? Here are some ideas:

1. Don’t go it alone! In a pack of fifty riders, your early move should be focused on splitting the pack in half or at least reducing the count. How? Don’t attack so hard that other riders aren’t willing to follow (or believe you’ll just blow up the road); attack hard but bring a bunch. How do you bring others? Here’s a simple answer many racers don’t think of: try telling others before you attack. That’s right; give away your super-secret strategy (which most of the other racers are already thinking about, by the way) and tell a small group of select riders that you think have the horsepower to attack, then see if they’ll work with you for a while to at least drop a percentage of the pack.

2. Once you’ve dropped off a chunk of the pack, focus on ways to set up the next separation. Now is the time to start thinking about how you can win the race and then do something to set that up. Are you planning on the sprint finish? Are you a killer TT artist looking for the longer break? Your second narrow-the-odds move needs to start setting up your winning move.

3. Your winning move is your strength (or at least that’s how the plan should go). Bike racing often forces you to improvise as you go, but focus on setting up final moves that allow to implement your strength as the move.


In any mass start event you’re affected by the terrain, but you race other racers. Too many people who start racing over-focus on the course and its terrain and layout and forget to pay attention to other riders.

Some Suggestions

Observe others on the course and on terrain to better understand how they ride, how tired they are, how they can beat you, and how you can beat them. Here are a few tricks:

1. Look at the other riders. How do they look? Have they been drinking and eating? Look at their bikes. Are their water bottles full?

2. Look around on short climbs later in the race. Many riders really show fatigue on short climbs later in races. Look to see who’s really suffering and who’s not, then use this knowledge to improve your odds. If you’re strong but watching a good percentage of the group suffering, talk to some of the other riders going well and plan a strong push on the next riser to get rid of the suffering riders.


Okay, a lot of people might know this one, but I can’t tell you the numbers of times I’ve reviewed files from smart racers who get impatient and attack when things are easy and cruising along. The reality is that if things are just cruising down the road, everyone is ready to attack (and counter). Typically this means they’ve caught their breath and will be quick to respond and chase.

Some Suggestions

Learn to attack when things are hard. This is a big key to success. I know it hurts, but suck it up, buttercup. This is bike racing; if you want to win, it’s going to hurt. When things are going hard and you attack or make a move, many riders sit back hoping others will do the work to chase you as they do an internal gut-check on how demoralizing that flyer you just took was. This doesn’t mean that catching everyone sitting up for a second and throwing down a little surprise can’t work, but it’s much better to hit them when it hurts.

There are plenty of ways to use these tips. My goal is to point out some key areas of mistakes and give you food for thought. Obviously, you need to be fit enough to handle the demands of the race event and implement your strategy to win. Best of luck to you!


Peaks Coaching Group Tim CusickTim Cusick is a USA Cycling Level 3 coach and the president of Peaks Coaching Group. He and his coaches create custom training plans for all levels of athletes. Tim can be contacted directly through


  1. Except your advice on (3) is in conflict with (1). Attacking 50 km out is hard work! 😉

    Wanted to comment on the hero strategy. Attacking 50 km out can work, under the right circumstances (I once picked up a provincials titles with a solo attack 50 km out). I wasn’t looking to do so on the day (why it probably worked), but the opportunity presented itself and I took it. Hurt like all bloody hell, but I was able to get out of sight pretty quick then came damage control and suffering. The key is not to let them see you cry and moan on the back stretch 🙂

    If your attitude is that you are gonna head out and tear the legs of all the ‘losers’ around you, well it will be hero to zero in short order.

    Point (3) is bang on. When you are hurting the most is when the opportunities to attack are likely best. It’s all about masochism and wanting to hurt others… wait that didn’t sound right did in?

  2. @Rider X you know too much!… its easy for less experienced riders to misinterpret these kinds of simplified edicts… i totally agree with you… sometimes an attack from 50k NARROWS THE ODDS! and from that viewpoint it fits right in to #1….

  3. Well said Erik! My point about the “hero” move was more about the “hero” part, meaning not well thought out and doomed to fail but sometimes IT IS THE RIGHT move (see point #2, race the other racers).

  4. A personal fav for #2, watching for someone strong to take too long of a pull then initiate a short attack after they get off the front, to wear them down just a bit more. If all goes well they even get shunted to the back or even spit out, making them work even more. Wear them down, bit-by-bit-by bit.

    In terms of talking to other strong riders (not on your team) into doing a strong push… there is often lots of chatter, little action and plenty of politics. In that situation many (including myself) would say, “sure” and basically wait for others to do the work. Most will do just enough so as not to be singled out as being a wheel suck, but no more!

  5. These tips are true but honestly road racing becomes less exciting when you understand all of this. The art of wheelsucking and conserving energy starts to seem like less athletic skill and more pussyfooting strategy which can be a big turnoff. Thankfully in my area we have a cannibal TT series which clearly separates the men from the hangers on.

  6. Strong man hate strategy. Strong man strong, need no brain, only need strong! Smart man weak. Strong man strong, ride at front, strong man wonder why no one pull through after strong man. Strong man get passed by 40 guys with two laps to go. Strong man ANGRY!

    Did I pretty much sum up your attitude towards racing? I think I nailed it.

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